How to write a hypothesis for social science

The figure on the right illustrates this two-tailed prediction for this case. In a how to write a hypothesis for social science fair setting, judges can be just as impressed by projects that start out with a faulty hypothesis; what matters more is whether you understood your science fair project, had a well-controlled experiment, and have ideas about what you would do next to improve your project if you had more time.

If I replace the battery in my car, then my car will get better gas mileage. And for the curious, yes there are earthworms in Alaska. The control cases serve the comparative role of the prior approval ratings in the quantitative example given earlier.

The social scientist generates a hypothesis in response to a research question. Which is why scientists only support or not their hypothesis with data, rather than proving them.

A logical hypothesis is a proposed explanation possessing limited evidence. In States and Social Revolutions: One could describe the probability that the actual approval rating was 47 percent the previous rating while the sample happened to be skewed toward lower approval ratings.

Overweight adults who 1 value longevity and 2 seek happiness are more likely than other adults to 1 lose their excess weight and 2 feel a more regular sense of joy.

These hypotheses focus on the conditions whose presence guarantees that an effect will be present a sufficient condition or whose absence will guarantee that an effect will not be present a necessary condition Goertz and Starr To what extent is the observed dip in approval indicative of a general trend in the U.

The result is a widely praised multidimensional account of the necessary conditions of success for peasant revolutions. The social scientist generates a hypothesis in response to a research question. In an attempt to disprove a null hypothesis, researchers will seek to discover an alternative hypothesis.

How to Write a Hypothesis

For example, a social scientist might ask whether the U. This is where the alternative hypothesis H1 enters the scene. Now, more specifically, what are the name, label, and description of the GSS variable you have selected.

State your hypothesis as concisely, and to the point, as possible. Be logical and use precise language. Can you really be sure there are no earthworms in Alaska. If I brush my teeth every day, then I will not develop cavities. Sampling theory provides some sense of how reliable the results are that come from a sample of a larger population Babbiepp.

These detailed cases are contrasted with control cases such as England and Prussia. Well, the natural world is complex—it takes a lot of experimenting to figure out how it works—and the more explanations you test, the closer you get to figuring out the truth. As a result of the XYZ company employee training program, there will either be no significant difference in employee absenteeism or there will be a significant increase.

It's actually going through some trial and error, and perhaps changing around those independent variables.


If I take my vitamins every day, then I will not feel tired. As a result of mg. Because it is easy to observe the number of students in a class and the standardized tests scores are also easily observable though there may be questions of the validity of the test as a measure of "intelligence" or even "academic achievement"this hypothesis is easy to test.

Sometimes people refer to the tentative answer as "an educated guess. These authors, mostly associated with poststructuralism, argue that there is no singular structure of society about which one can generalize or that one can discover through repeated observation for a famous statement of this argument, see Derrida This approach allows Skocpol to study each of the cases in great detail and to have confidence in the measurement of such concepts as types of revolution and various aspects of regime structure.

Theoretical Statement] A couple possible ways education could affect immigration attitudes: If your prediction was correct, then you would usually reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative.

There is no significant change in my health during the times when I drink green tea only or root beer only. For our example, we will have to be able to observe if education does not have an effect on immigration attitudes. Therefore, you would conduct your research using a statistical hypothesis, or a sample of the Savannian population.

Examples of Hypothesis

Again, notice that the term "two-tailed" refers to the tails of the distribution for your outcome variable. For example, I may want to drink root beer all day, not green tea.

Science is distinguished from nonscience not by the content or subject of study. If your original prediction was not supported in the data, then you will accept the null hypothesis and reject the alternative.

People with less education are more likely than people with more education to know someone who has recently immigrated to the U. When your study analysis is completed, the idea is that you will have to choose between the two hypotheses.

An hypothesis is a specific statement of prediction. It describes in concrete (rather than theoretical) terms what you expect will happen in your study. Not all studies have hypotheses.

Sometimes a study is designed to be exploratory Write. A hypothesis has classical been referred to as an educated guess. In the context of the scientific method, this description is somewhat correct.


After a problem is identified, the scientist would typically conduct some research about the problem and then make a hypothesis about what will happen. The focus of this approach is on the quantification of social science concepts for purposes of comparison and hypothesis testing.

For example, a social scientist might ask whether the U.S. president’s approval ratings have gone down over the past year. Although you could state a scientific hypothesis in various ways, most hypothesis are either "If, then" statements or else forms of the null hypothesis.

The null hypothesis sometimes is called the "no difference" hypothesis. The null hypothesis is good for experimentation because it's simple to disprove. Writing in the Social Sciences Amber Huett and Dr. Robert T.

Koch, Jr June If you are using a hypothesis, this is where you state whether you accept or reject that hypothesis. Properly formatted tables and charts can make this a very short but very Social Science Research Format Author: Robert T.

Koch Jr. hypothesis as, "a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation." This means a hypothesis .

How to write a hypothesis for social science
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Hypothesis Examples